Respiratory Tract Infections - Zia Medical Center

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Respiratory Tract Infections

Respiratory infections affect any part of the respiratory tract which includes the nose, the throat, the sinuses, the airways or lungs. Infections can range from mild flu to a fully established pneumonia.

 

MODE OF SPREAD:

These infections are most commonly seen during October to April. They  can spread from person to person, in both children and adults, by coughing, sneezing etc. Occurrence rises if you are:

  • Immunodeficient
  • Living or working in crowded conditions.
  • Already suffer from pre-existing allergies, asthma or chronic respiratory illness.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  • Cough
  • Fever lasting for a few days.
  • Runny nose
  • Headache, Earache or sore throat.
  • Chest tightness, breathlessness, wheeze.

 

PRECAUTIONS:

  • Wash hands with soap and water after sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose.
  • Cover your face when coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid crowded areas when you have infection.
  • Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water daily.
  • Add more seasonal fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  • Steam inhalation and warm gargles.
  • Rest and good sleep allow early recovery.

 

VACCINATION:

Annual influenza virus vaccine is recommended for:

  • Elderly
  • Young Children
  • Asthma, COPD
  • Immunocompromised people.
  • Chronic diseases e.g. Diabetes, chronic renal failure etc.
  • Health care professionals.
  • Vaccine is usually recommended in October – April season.

 

WHEN TO CONSULT A DOCTOR?

Annual influenza virus vaccine is recommended for:

  • Temperature above 102F, not responding to regular medicines.
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Severe headache, Earache or Throat ache.
  • Worsening Cough
  • Blood stained sputum.
  • Notice any lumps in your neck.
  • You already have heart, lung, liver or kidney condition, or have been hospitalized before in the same year for similar complain.
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