- Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.
- It is a serious medical condition that can cause complications such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, cancers and sleep disorders.
- Susceptibility to obesity and its adverse consequences varies between individuals, and obesity has a genetic link as well in addition to other factors.
- Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults.
- An adult with a BMI of ≥ 30 kg/㎡ is considered obese.
- The standard weight status categories associated with BMI ranges for adults are shown in the following table.
|18.5 – 24.9||Normal or Healthy Weight|
|25.0 – 29.9||Overweight|
|30.0 and Above||Obese|
The health risks of obesity are largely reversible and reduce the risk of complications. Increased physical activity and healthy eating are the main strategies for weight reduction.