KNOW YOUR KNEES - Zia Medical Center



The knee is the largest joint in your body and the one that bears most of your weight. Because of this, it’s a tough—and sometimes problem-prone—joint. When you’re feeling knee pain, how do you know what caused it? Your doctor’s diagnosis is the ultimate answer, but there are some clues to get you started on determining the cause.


Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis develops as a joint’s cartilage wears down. According to the CDC, nearly half of all people will experience symptoms of knee osteoarthritis at some point in their lives.

That’s why it’s important to know the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis:

  • Intermittent knee pain that gradually gets worse
  • Knee pain that appears or gets worse when strain is put on the joint
  • Pain in just one knee
  • Knee stiffness, especially after a period of inactivity
  • Knee swelling
  • A knee that locks or gives out



When the thin, fluid-filled sac that protects the joint (known as a bursa) becomes infected or inflamed, this is bursitis. Many of the symptoms of knee bursitis are similar to osteoarthritis, but there are a few distinctive characteristics:

  • A swollen region on the knee that’s “squishy” to the touch
  • Tenderness when pressure is put on the knee
  • Warmth or redness of the knee
  • Fever or illness, which is a symptom of an infected bursa (also known as septic bursitis)
  • See a complete list of knee bursitis symptoms.


Knee Pain from Injury

Damage to the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage of the knee can cause pain if these tissues are overused or receive a blow or other injury.

This is particularly true in the case of these common knee injuries:

  • A tear in the knee’s anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • A patellar tendon injury, also known as “jumper’s knee”
  • Damage to the tendon between the kneecap and femur (thigh bone), known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPS) or “runner’s knee”
  • A tear in the pads of cartilage in the knee known as the meniscus


Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a system-wide condition in which the immune system is attacking the joints and causing inflammation. So when rheumatoid arthritis shows up in the knee, chances are the smaller joints in the hands and feet have already been affected by pain and inflammation.

Rheumatoid arthritis in the knees can cause:

  • Pain and inflammation in both knees at the same time
  • Knees that are swollen, red, or warm to the touch
  • Stiffness in the morning, which can last 30 minutes or more despite light activity
  • General fatigue
  • Fever

If you’re experiencing knee pain that’s not relieved by a few weeks of self-care pain medications and the RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) method, make an appointment to see us so you can receive the right diagnosis and treatment.

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